Development of the role-play inventory of situations and coping strategies for parents of children with cystic fibrosis

Alexandra L. Quittner, Valerie E. Tolbert, Mary Jean Regoli, David M. Orenstein, Judy L. Hollingsworth, Howard Eigen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Critiqued previous conceptual and methodological approaches to the measurement of stress and coping. Applied Goldfried and D'Zurilla's behavior- analytic model to create a context-specific measure of problematic situations and coping strategies for parents of school-age children with cystic fibrosis (CF). The sample was stratified by child's gender and illness severity. Forty-seven families (46 mothers, 32 fathers) and 8 health care professionals completed structured interviews or daily diaries to obtain the widest range of problematic situations; 1,725 situations were elicited across all participants and then content-analyzed into 97 nonredundant categories in 11 domains (e.g., Discipline, Medical Care). Few differences were found in problem frequency or difficulty as a function of either gender or illness severity. Using empirical criteria, the most frequent and difficult problem situations were selected and developed into role-play vignettes that include relevant contextual, developmental, and interactional details. The Role-Play Inventory of Situations and Coping Strategies (RISCS) consists of 31 audiotaped vignettes designed to elicit and evaluate the coping strategies used by parents of children with CF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-235
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of pediatric psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • behavior-analytic model
  • childhood illness
  • coping assessment
  • cystic fibrosis
  • parenting
  • role-play measure
  • stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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