Development of an assay for β-lactam hydrolysis using the pH-dependence of enhanced green fluorescent protein

Libby G. Puckett, Jennifer C. Lewis, Leonidas G Bachas, Sylvia Daunert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An assay has been developed utilizing the pH-dependent fluorescence of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). This photoprotein allows for the study of kinetic properties of hydrolytic enzymes based on the production of protons. As a model system, β-lactamase, a well-characterized enzyme responsible for antibiotic resistance in many bacteria, was used. More specifically, EGFP and β-lactamase were genetically fused using overlap extension PCR and incorporated into a bacterial expression vector. The vector was subsequently transformed into Escherichia coli, and the fusion protein was expressed and purified. β-Lactamase catalyzes the hydrolysis of the β-lactam ring of ampicillin. This causes a decrease in the local pH, which in turn changes the spectral properties of EGFP. This property was utilized to perform enzyme kinetic studies on the new fusion protein as well as on the β-lactamase inhibitor, sulbactam. The assay can be used to evaluate substrates and inhibitors of β-lactamase in a format that should be amenable to high-throughput screening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-231
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Volume309
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Lactams
Hydrolysis
Assays
Enzymes
Fusion reactions
Luminescent Proteins
Sulbactam
Enzyme kinetics
Escherichia coli Proteins
Ampicillin
Microbial Drug Resistance
Escherichia coli
Protons
Bacteria
Screening
Proteins
Fluorescence
Throughput
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Polymerase Chain Reaction

Keywords

  • β-Lactamase
  • Enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)
  • Hydrolysis
  • Hydrolytic enzymes
  • PH
  • Sulbactam

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Development of an assay for β-lactam hydrolysis using the pH-dependence of enhanced green fluorescent protein. / Puckett, Libby G.; Lewis, Jennifer C.; Bachas, Leonidas G; Daunert, Sylvia.

In: Analytical Biochemistry, Vol. 309, No. 2, 15.10.2002, p. 224-231.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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