DEVELOPMENT OF A CONTACT LENS FOR REFRACTING AQUATIC ANIMALS

Stanley L. Spielman, Samuel H. Gruber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Development of a new technique for refracting the eye of unwieldy and large aquatic organisms in air is presented. The technique employs a contact lens to simulate underwater conditions. Refraction is performed through a flat front surface with an ophthalmoscope or a streak retinoscope. Data from 11 carcharhinid sharks (four species) indicate that the smaller eyes of inshore species are defocused relative to the eyes of offshore species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)255-260
Number of pages6
JournalOphthalmic and Physiological Optics
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry
  • Sensory Systems

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