Development of a contact lens for refracting aquatic animals

Stanley L. Spielman, Samuel H. Gruber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Development of a new technique for refracting the eye of unwieldy and large aquatic organisms in air is presented. The technique employs a contact lens to simulate underwater conditions. Refraction is performed through a flat front surface with an ophthalmoscope or a streak retinoscope. Data from 11 carcharhinid sharks (four species) indicate that the smaller eyes of inshore species are defocused relative to the eyes of offshore species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-260
Number of pages6
JournalOphthalmic and Physiological Optics
Volume3
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 1983

Fingerprint

Contact Lenses
Retinoscopes
Ophthalmoscopes
Sharks
Aquatic Organisms
Air

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Professions(all)
  • Sensory Systems
  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Development of a contact lens for refracting aquatic animals. / Spielman, Stanley L.; Gruber, Samuel H.

In: Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, Vol. 3, No. 3, 01.12.1983, p. 255-260.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Spielman, SL & Gruber, SH 1983, 'Development of a contact lens for refracting aquatic animals', Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 255-260.
Spielman, Stanley L. ; Gruber, Samuel H. / Development of a contact lens for refracting aquatic animals. In: Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics. 1983 ; Vol. 3, No. 3. pp. 255-260.
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