Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Demands of Immigration Scale

Karen J. Aroian, Anne E. Norris, Thanh V. Tran, Nancy Schappler-Morris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


The Demands of Immigration Scale (DI) measures demands associated with immigration, including loss, novelty, occupational adjustment, language accommodation, discrimination, and not feeling at home in the resettlement country. The DI scale was evaluated in a sample of 1,647 immigrants from the former Soviet Union who had resided in the United States from a few months to 20 years. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the proposed factor model. The DI subscales were internally consistent and had good test-retest reliability. Support for concurrent validity was demonstrated by correlations in the expected direction between the DI total and subscale scores and measures of depression and somatization. Support for discriminant validity was demonstrated by mean group differences in some or all of the DI dimensions according to age and years in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-194
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Nursing Measurement
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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