Development and Implementation of Worksite Health and Wellness Programs: A Focus on Non-Communicable Disease

Lawrence P. Cahalin, Leonard Kaminsky, Carl J. Lavie, Paige Briggs, Brendan L. Cahalin, Jonathan Myers, Daniel E. Forman, Mahesh J. Patel, Sherry O. Pinkstaff, Ross Arena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


The development and implementation of worksite health and wellness programs (WHWPs) in the United States (US) hold promise as a means to improve population health and reverse current trends in non-communicable disease incidence and prevalence. However, WHWPs face organizational, economic, systematic, legal, and logistical challenges which have combined to impact program availability and expansion. Even so, there is a burgeoning body of evidence indicating WHWPs can significantly improve the health profile of participating employees in a cost effective manner. This foundation of scientific knowledge justifies further research inquiry to elucidate optimal WHWP models. It is clear that the development, implementation and operation of WHWPs require a strong commitment from organizational leadership, a pervasive culture of health and availability of necessary resources and infrastructure. Since organizations vary significantly, there is a need to have flexibility in creating a customized, effective health and wellness program. Furthermore, several key legal issues must be addressed to facilitate employer and employee needs and responsibilities; the US Affordable Care Act will play a major role moving forward. The purposes of this review are to: 1) examine currently available health and wellness program models and considerations for the future; 2) highlight key legal issues associated with WHWP development and implementation; and 3) identify challenges and solutions for the development and implementation of as well as adherence to WHWPs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-101
Number of pages8
JournalProgress in Cardiovascular Diseases
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015


  • Access
  • Employee
  • Employer
  • Healthcare
  • Insurance
  • Law
  • Lifestyle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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