Development and Implementation of Worksite Health and Wellness Programs

A Focus on Non-Communicable Disease

Lawrence P Cahalin, Leonard Kaminsky, Carl J. Lavie, Paige Briggs, Brendan L. Cahalin, Jonathan Myers, Daniel E. Forman, Mahesh J. Patel, Sherry O. Pinkstaff, Ross Arena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The development and implementation of worksite health and wellness programs (WHWPs) in the United States (US) hold promise as a means to improve population health and reverse current trends in non-communicable disease incidence and prevalence. However, WHWPs face organizational, economic, systematic, legal, and logistical challenges which have combined to impact program availability and expansion. Even so, there is a burgeoning body of evidence indicating WHWPs can significantly improve the health profile of participating employees in a cost effective manner. This foundation of scientific knowledge justifies further research inquiry to elucidate optimal WHWP models. It is clear that the development, implementation and operation of WHWPs require a strong commitment from organizational leadership, a pervasive culture of health and availability of necessary resources and infrastructure. Since organizations vary significantly, there is a need to have flexibility in creating a customized, effective health and wellness program. Furthermore, several key legal issues must be addressed to facilitate employer and employee needs and responsibilities; the US Affordable Care Act will play a major role moving forward. The purposes of this review are to: 1) examine currently available health and wellness program models and considerations for the future; 2) highlight key legal issues associated with WHWP development and implementation; and 3) identify challenges and solutions for the development and implementation of as well as adherence to WHWPs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-101
Number of pages8
JournalProgress in Cardiovascular Diseases
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Fingerprint

Health Promotion
Workplace
Health
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
Program Development
Economics
Organizations
Costs and Cost Analysis

Keywords

  • Access
  • Employee
  • Employer
  • Healthcare
  • Insurance
  • Law
  • Lifestyle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Development and Implementation of Worksite Health and Wellness Programs : A Focus on Non-Communicable Disease. / Cahalin, Lawrence P; Kaminsky, Leonard; Lavie, Carl J.; Briggs, Paige; Cahalin, Brendan L.; Myers, Jonathan; Forman, Daniel E.; Patel, Mahesh J.; Pinkstaff, Sherry O.; Arena, Ross.

In: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, Vol. 58, No. 1, 01.07.2015, p. 94-101.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cahalin, LP, Kaminsky, L, Lavie, CJ, Briggs, P, Cahalin, BL, Myers, J, Forman, DE, Patel, MJ, Pinkstaff, SO & Arena, R 2015, 'Development and Implementation of Worksite Health and Wellness Programs: A Focus on Non-Communicable Disease', Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 94-101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcad.2015.04.001
Cahalin, Lawrence P ; Kaminsky, Leonard ; Lavie, Carl J. ; Briggs, Paige ; Cahalin, Brendan L. ; Myers, Jonathan ; Forman, Daniel E. ; Patel, Mahesh J. ; Pinkstaff, Sherry O. ; Arena, Ross. / Development and Implementation of Worksite Health and Wellness Programs : A Focus on Non-Communicable Disease. In: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases. 2015 ; Vol. 58, No. 1. pp. 94-101.
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