Determinant so early recurrence of cerebral infarction: The Stroke Data Bank

Ralph L Sacco, M. A. Foulkes, J. P. Mohr, P. A. Wolf, D. B. Hier, T. R. Price

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

272 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We studied 1,273 patients with ischemic cerebral infarction who were entered into the Stroke Data Bank, a prospective, observational study involving four university hospitals and the Biometry and Field Studies Branch of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Forty patients had noniatrogenic recurrent stroke within 30 days after the index cerebral infarction. Using life tables, the 30-day cumulative ± SE risk of early recurrence for all infarctions was 3.3 ± 0.4%. The risk of early recurrence was greatest for atherothrombotic infarction (7.9 ± 2.2%, eight of 113 patients) and least for lacunar infarction (2.2 ± 1.2%, eight of 337 patients). Both cardioembolic infarction (4.3 ± 0.9%, 10 of 246 patients) and infarction of undetermined cause (3.0 ± 0.5%, 14 of 508 patients) had intermediate risks. History of hypertension and diabetes mellitus, as well as diastolic hypertension and elevated blood sugar concentration at admission, were associated with early recurrence. Logistic regression analysis estimated the risk of early recurrence to be 8.56% in those with coexisting hypertension and a glucose concentration of 300 mg/dl versus 0.77% in the absence of these two abnormalities. Early recurrence was associated with longer median duration of initial hospital stay (27 vs. 14 days) and a higher 30-day case-fatality rate (20% vs. 7.4%). Increased weakness scores were associated with early recurrent stroke. Identification of the determinants of early recurrent stroke may lead to better secondary prevention and may help select high-risk patients for further study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)983-989
Number of pages7
JournalStroke
Volume20
Issue number8
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cerebral Infarction
Stroke
Databases
Recurrence
Infarction
Hypertension
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
Biometry
Lacunar Stroke
Life Tables
Secondary Prevention
Observational Studies
Blood Glucose
Length of Stay
Diabetes Mellitus
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Prospective Studies
Glucose
Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Sacco, R. L., Foulkes, M. A., Mohr, J. P., Wolf, P. A., Hier, D. B., & Price, T. R. (1989). Determinant so early recurrence of cerebral infarction: The Stroke Data Bank. Stroke, 20(8), 983-989.

Determinant so early recurrence of cerebral infarction : The Stroke Data Bank. / Sacco, Ralph L; Foulkes, M. A.; Mohr, J. P.; Wolf, P. A.; Hier, D. B.; Price, T. R.

In: Stroke, Vol. 20, No. 8, 01.01.1989, p. 983-989.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sacco, RL, Foulkes, MA, Mohr, JP, Wolf, PA, Hier, DB & Price, TR 1989, 'Determinant so early recurrence of cerebral infarction: The Stroke Data Bank', Stroke, vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 983-989.
Sacco RL, Foulkes MA, Mohr JP, Wolf PA, Hier DB, Price TR. Determinant so early recurrence of cerebral infarction: The Stroke Data Bank. Stroke. 1989 Jan 1;20(8):983-989.
Sacco, Ralph L ; Foulkes, M. A. ; Mohr, J. P. ; Wolf, P. A. ; Hier, D. B. ; Price, T. R. / Determinant so early recurrence of cerebral infarction : The Stroke Data Bank. In: Stroke. 1989 ; Vol. 20, No. 8. pp. 983-989.
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