Depressive symptoms predict mortality in elderly subjects with chronic heart failure

Gianluca Testa, Francesco Cacciatore, Gianluigi Galizia, David Della-Morte, Francesca Mazzella, Gaetano Gargiulo, Assunta Langellotto, Carolina Raucci, Nicola Ferrara, Franco Rengo, Pasquale Abete

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Background Chronic heart failure (CHF) is characterized by a high mortality in the elderly. Moreover, depression status is also related to poor prognosis in advancing age. Thus, we sought to determine whether depressive status predicts long-term mortality in subject with or without CHF. Methods and results Long-term mortality after 12-year follow-up in 125 elderly subjects with CHF and 1143 elderly subjects without CHF was studied. Depression was evaluated using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), and all subjects were stratified in tertiles according to GDS score (0-10, 11-20 and 21-30). With increasing GDS score, long-term mortality at the end of follow-up increased from 43·4% to 72·0% in subjects without (P<0·001) and from 52·6% to 83·9% in subjects with (P<0·007) CHF. In multivariate analysis, GDS appeared to be predictive of long-term mortality in the absence (Hazard ratio=1·01; confidence interval 95% 1·00-1·05; P=0·04) and, even more, in the presence of CHF (Hazard ratio=1·08; confidence interval 95% 1·01-1·15; P<0·01). Conclusions Depression symptoms predict long-term mortality in elderly subjects without and, even more, with CHF. Thus, depression can be considered a strong predictor of death in CHF elderly subjects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1310-1317
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean journal of clinical investigation
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2011


  • Chronic heart failure
  • Depression
  • Elderly
  • Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry


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