Depression of transmission from group II muscle afferents by electrical stimulation of the cuneiform nucleus in the cat

B. R. Noga, E. Jankowska, B. Skoog

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of short trains of electrical stimuli applied within the cuneiform nucleus and the subcuneiform region were examined on transmission from group I and group II muscle afferents to first-order spinal neurons. Variations in the effectiveness of transmission from these afferents were assessed from changes in the sizes of the monosynaptic component of extracellular field potentials evoked following stimulation of muscle nerves. Field potentials evoked from group II muscle afferents in the dorsal horn of the midlumbar and sacral segments and in the intermediate zone of the midlumbar segments were reduced when the test stimuli applied to peripheral nerves were preceded by conditioning stimulation of the cuneiform nucleus or the subcuneiform region. The depression occurred at conditioning-testing intervals of 20-400 ms, being maximal at intervals of 32-72 ms for dorsal horn potentials and 40-100 ms for intermediate zone potentials. At the shortest intervals, both group II and group I field potentials in the intermediate zone were depressed. Conditioning stimulation of the cuneiform nucleus depressed group II field potentials nearly as effectively as conditioning stimulation of the coerulear or raphe nuclei. We propose that the nonselective depression of transmission from group I and II afferents at short intervals is due to the activation of reticulospinal pathways by cells or fibers stimulated within the cuneiform area. We also propose that the selective depression of transmission from group II afferents at long intervals is mediated at least partly by monoaminergic pathways, in view of the similarity of the effects of conditioning stimulation of the cuneiform nucleus and of the brainstem monoaminergic nuclei and by directly applied monoamines (Bras et al. 1990). In addition, it might be caused by primary afferent depolarization mediated by non-monoaminergic fibers (Riddell et al. 1992).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-38
Number of pages14
JournalExperimental Brain Research
Volume105
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cat
  • Cuneiform nucleus
  • Spinal cord
  • Spindle afferents
  • Synaptic transmission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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