Depression and Cognitive Style. Comparisons Between Measures

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35 Scopus citations


Several instruments have been developed recently to measure cognitive styles associated with depression. At least four of them appear to have an underlying similarity. Each appears to reflect a tendency for respondents to infer a general lack of self-worth (or a continued likelihood of bad events) on the basis of a single discrete failure. The present research was a comparative test of one of these scales against the other three in terms of associations with Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) scores. Though all instruments were significantly correlated with BDI, partial correlations revealed that our generalization scale was a more robust predictor of BDI than were (a) a measure of characterological self-blame, (b) a measure of cognitive bias, and (c) a measure of attributional style.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)722-728
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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