Depressed mothers' infants show less negative affect during non-contingent interactions

Tiffany Field, Jacqueline Nadel, Maria Hernandez-Reif, Miguel Diego, Yanexy Vera, Karla Gil, Chris Sanders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Infants of depressed and non-depressed mothers were videotaped interacting with their mothers in the [Nadel, J., Carchon, I., Kervella, C., Marcelli, D., & Reserbat-Plantey, D. (1999). Report: Expectancies for social contingency in 2-month-olds. Developmental Science, 2, 164-173] paradigm which consists of three segments including: (1) a free play, contingent interaction, (2) a non-contingent replay of the mothers' behavior that had been videotaped during the first segment, and (3) a return to a free play, contingent interaction. As compared to infants of non-depressed mothers, infants of depressed mothers showed less negative change (less increase in frowning) in their behavior during the non-contingent replay segment. This finding was interpreted as the infants of depressed mothers being more accustomed to non-contingent behavior in their mothers, thus experiencing less violation of expectancy in this situation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)426-430
Number of pages5
JournalInfant Behavior and Development
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005


  • Behavior
  • Depressed mothers
  • Infants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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