Density-functional theory of hard-sphere condensation under gravity

Joseph A. Both, Daniel C. Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The onset of condensation of hard spheres in a gravitational field is studied using density-functional theory (DFT). We find that the local density approximation yields results identical to those obtained previously using the kinetic theory [Physica A 271, 192, (1999)], and a weighted density-functional theory gives qualitatively similar results, namely, that the temperature at which condensation begins at the bottom scales linearly with the weight, diameter, and number of layers of particles. We find also that the different DFT approaches give quantitatively different results for the density profiles at low temperatures. In particular, the weighted density-functional approach reveals the layering of hard spheres in the solid regime.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8
Number of pages1
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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