Demonstration of current measurements from space by along-track SAR interferometry with SRTM data

Roland Romeiser, Helko Breit, Michael Eineder, Hartmut Runge

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present one of the first studies in which interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) are analyzed with regard to the detectability of ocean surface current variations. The InSAR system of SRTM was designed for high-resolution topographic mapping, using two SAR antennas on a Space Shuttle with a cross-track separation of 60 m. For technical reasons, there was an additional along-track antenna separation of 7 m, which results in a time lag of about 0.5 ms between the acquisitions of images by the two anténnas. In theory, this time lag causes additional phase differences, which are proportional to the line-of-sight velocity of moving targets and can thus be exploited, to some extent, for measuring oceanic currents. Indeed, some SRTM images acquired over water exhibit clear signatures of typical flow patterns. We show an example of an X band phase image of the Dutch Waddenzee and discuss the plausibility of interpreting it in terms of sea surface height or current variations or the effect of waves. We find that only currents can be responsible for phase variations of the observed magnitude on spatial scales of a few 100 meters. We convert the data into a surface current field, which is found to be consistent with the theoretical current field at the time of the SRTM overflight according to a current atlas. Based on this encouraging result and theoretical findings, we discuss the general potential of SAR interferometry from space for oceanic applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)
Pages158-160
Number of pages3
Volume1
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes
Event2002 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2002) - Toronto, Ont., Canada
Duration: Jun 24 2002Jun 28 2002

Other

Other2002 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2002)
CountryCanada
CityToronto, Ont.
Period6/24/026/28/02

Fingerprint

Shuttle Radar Topography Mission
Electric current measurement
interferometry
Interferometry
Topography
synthetic aperture radar
Radar
Demonstrations
Synthetic aperture radar
antenna
Antennas
oceanic current
topographic mapping
space shuttle
sea surface height
Space shuttles
Radar systems
flow pattern
atlas
Flow patterns

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Geology

Cite this

Romeiser, R., Breit, H., Eineder, M., & Runge, H. (2002). Demonstration of current measurements from space by along-track SAR interferometry with SRTM data. In International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) (Vol. 1, pp. 158-160)

Demonstration of current measurements from space by along-track SAR interferometry with SRTM data. / Romeiser, Roland; Breit, Helko; Eineder, Michael; Runge, Hartmut.

International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS). Vol. 1 2002. p. 158-160.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Romeiser, R, Breit, H, Eineder, M & Runge, H 2002, Demonstration of current measurements from space by along-track SAR interferometry with SRTM data. in International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS). vol. 1, pp. 158-160, 2002 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2002), Toronto, Ont., Canada, 6/24/02.
Romeiser R, Breit H, Eineder M, Runge H. Demonstration of current measurements from space by along-track SAR interferometry with SRTM data. In International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS). Vol. 1. 2002. p. 158-160
Romeiser, Roland ; Breit, Helko ; Eineder, Michael ; Runge, Hartmut. / Demonstration of current measurements from space by along-track SAR interferometry with SRTM data. International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS). Vol. 1 2002. pp. 158-160
@inproceedings{fa980c5a50ec48bbb7ade137eebce711,
title = "Demonstration of current measurements from space by along-track SAR interferometry with SRTM data",
abstract = "We present one of the first studies in which interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) are analyzed with regard to the detectability of ocean surface current variations. The InSAR system of SRTM was designed for high-resolution topographic mapping, using two SAR antennas on a Space Shuttle with a cross-track separation of 60 m. For technical reasons, there was an additional along-track antenna separation of 7 m, which results in a time lag of about 0.5 ms between the acquisitions of images by the two ant{\'e}nnas. In theory, this time lag causes additional phase differences, which are proportional to the line-of-sight velocity of moving targets and can thus be exploited, to some extent, for measuring oceanic currents. Indeed, some SRTM images acquired over water exhibit clear signatures of typical flow patterns. We show an example of an X band phase image of the Dutch Waddenzee and discuss the plausibility of interpreting it in terms of sea surface height or current variations or the effect of waves. We find that only currents can be responsible for phase variations of the observed magnitude on spatial scales of a few 100 meters. We convert the data into a surface current field, which is found to be consistent with the theoretical current field at the time of the SRTM overflight according to a current atlas. Based on this encouraging result and theoretical findings, we discuss the general potential of SAR interferometry from space for oceanic applications.",
author = "Roland Romeiser and Helko Breit and Michael Eineder and Hartmut Runge",
year = "2002",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "1",
pages = "158--160",
booktitle = "International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Demonstration of current measurements from space by along-track SAR interferometry with SRTM data

AU - Romeiser, Roland

AU - Breit, Helko

AU - Eineder, Michael

AU - Runge, Hartmut

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - We present one of the first studies in which interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) are analyzed with regard to the detectability of ocean surface current variations. The InSAR system of SRTM was designed for high-resolution topographic mapping, using two SAR antennas on a Space Shuttle with a cross-track separation of 60 m. For technical reasons, there was an additional along-track antenna separation of 7 m, which results in a time lag of about 0.5 ms between the acquisitions of images by the two anténnas. In theory, this time lag causes additional phase differences, which are proportional to the line-of-sight velocity of moving targets and can thus be exploited, to some extent, for measuring oceanic currents. Indeed, some SRTM images acquired over water exhibit clear signatures of typical flow patterns. We show an example of an X band phase image of the Dutch Waddenzee and discuss the plausibility of interpreting it in terms of sea surface height or current variations or the effect of waves. We find that only currents can be responsible for phase variations of the observed magnitude on spatial scales of a few 100 meters. We convert the data into a surface current field, which is found to be consistent with the theoretical current field at the time of the SRTM overflight according to a current atlas. Based on this encouraging result and theoretical findings, we discuss the general potential of SAR interferometry from space for oceanic applications.

AB - We present one of the first studies in which interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) are analyzed with regard to the detectability of ocean surface current variations. The InSAR system of SRTM was designed for high-resolution topographic mapping, using two SAR antennas on a Space Shuttle with a cross-track separation of 60 m. For technical reasons, there was an additional along-track antenna separation of 7 m, which results in a time lag of about 0.5 ms between the acquisitions of images by the two anténnas. In theory, this time lag causes additional phase differences, which are proportional to the line-of-sight velocity of moving targets and can thus be exploited, to some extent, for measuring oceanic currents. Indeed, some SRTM images acquired over water exhibit clear signatures of typical flow patterns. We show an example of an X band phase image of the Dutch Waddenzee and discuss the plausibility of interpreting it in terms of sea surface height or current variations or the effect of waves. We find that only currents can be responsible for phase variations of the observed magnitude on spatial scales of a few 100 meters. We convert the data into a surface current field, which is found to be consistent with the theoretical current field at the time of the SRTM overflight according to a current atlas. Based on this encouraging result and theoretical findings, we discuss the general potential of SAR interferometry from space for oceanic applications.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036028212&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036028212&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

VL - 1

SP - 158

EP - 160

BT - International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)

ER -