Deletion of the first 45 NH2-terminal residues of rabbit skeletal troponin T strengthens binding of troponin to immobilized tropomyosin

B. S. Pan, A. M. Gordon, J. D. Potter

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Abstract

The binding of the NH2-terminal region of troponin T (TnT) to the COOH-terminal region of tropomyosin (Tm) and the head-to-tail overlap between Tm molecules is thought to provide a pivotal link between troponin (Tn) and Tm (White, S. P., Cohen, C., and Phillips, G. N., Jr. (1987) Nature 325, 826-828). To further explore the structure-function relationship of the NH2-terminal region of TnT, we studied the binding of a 26,000-dalton TnT fragment (26K-TnT, Ohtsuki, I., Shiraishi, F., Suenaga, N., Miyata, T., and Tanokura, M. J. (1984) J. Biochem. (Tokyo) 95, 1337-1342) which corresponds to residues 46-259 of TnT2f, the major isoform of TnT in rabbit fast twitch muscle, to immobilized α-Tm. Both 26K-TnT and TnT2f were retained by the α-Tm affinity column in the presence of 150 mm NaCl. However, upon increasing the NaCl concentration 26K-TnT was eluted from the column at a higher ionic strength than was TnT. When applied alone, the binary complex of TnI and TnC (TnC · TnI) was not retained by the α-Tm affinity column. When applied subsequently to prebound TnT2f or 26K-TnT, TnI·TnC was retained by the α-Tm affinity column and eluted together with TnT2f or 26K-TnT as ternary troponin complexes. Whether Ca2+ was present or not, Tn containing 26K-TnT was eluted at a higher ionic strength than was Tn containing TnT2f, indicating that removal of the first 45 residues of TnT2f strengthens the binding of Tn to Tm. In the presence of Tm, reconstituted Tn containing 26K-TnT conferred Ca2+ sensitivity on actomyosin-S1 MgATPase, and the steepness of the pCa-ATPase relation was unchanged with respect to the actoS1 ATPase regulated by TnT2f. It is concluded that the first 45 residues of TnT2f are not essential for anchoring the troponin complex to the thin filament and do not play a crucial role in the cooperative response of regulated actoS1 ATPase to Ca2+.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12432-12438
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume266
Issue number19
StatePublished - Sep 23 1991

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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