Deletion of cytosolic gating ring decreases gate and voltage sensor coupling in BK channels

Guohui Zhang, Yanyan Geng, Yakang Jin, Jingyi Shi, Kelli McFarland, Karl L. Magleby, Lawrence Salkoff, Jianmin Cui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Large conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels (BK channels) gate open in response to both membrane voltage and intracellular Ca2+ The channel is formed by a central pore-gate domain (PGD), which spans the membrane, plus transmembrane voltage sensors and a cytoplasmic gating ring that acts as a Ca2+ sensor. How these voltage and Ca2+ sensors influence the common activation gate, and interact with each other, is unclear. A previous study showed that a BK channel core lacking the entire cytoplasmic gating ring (Core-MT) was devoid of Ca2+ activation but retained voltage sensitivity (Budelli et al. 2013. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1313433110). In this study, we measure voltage sensor activation and pore opening in this Core-MT channel over a wide range of voltages. We record gating currents and find that voltage sensor activation in this truncated channel is similar to WT but that the coupling between voltage sensor activation and gating of the pore is reduced. These results suggest that the gating ring, in addition to being the Ca2+ sensor, enhances the effective coupling between voltage sensors and the PGD. We also find that removal of the gating ring alters modulation of the channels by the BK channel's β1 and β2 subunits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-387
Number of pages15
JournalThe Journal of general physiology
Volume149
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 6 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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