The stationary points of the total scalar curvature functional on the space of unit volume metrics on a given closed manifold are known to be precisely the Einstein metrics. One may consider the modified problem of finding stationary points for the volume functional on the space of metrics whose scalar curvature is equal to a given constant. In this paper, we localize a condition satisfied by such stationary points to smooth bounded domains. The condition involves a generalization of the static equations, and we interpret solutions (and their boundary values) of this equation variationally. On domains carrying a metric that does not satisfy the condition, we establish a local deformation theorem that allows one to achieve simultaneously small prescribed changes of the scalar curvature and of the volume by a compactly supported variation of the metric. We apply this result to obtain a localized gluing theorem for constant scalar curvature metrics in which the total volume is preserved. Finally, we note that starting from a counterexample of Min-Oo's conjecture such as that of Brendle-Marques-Neves, counterexamples of arbitrarily large volume and different topological types can be constructed.
- Primary 53C21
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