Definitions, survey methods, and findings of patient satisfaction studies in teledermatology: a systematic review

Edward Hadeler, Howard Gitlow, Keyvan Nouri

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Remote consultations likely will grow in importance if the COVID-19 pandemic continues. This review analyzes which methods of teledermatology patients prefer by categorizing how recent studies have defined satisfaction, conducted surveys and concluded patients respond to the different modalities of teledermatology. Using PubMed and Cochrane databases, we reviewed studies from April 5th, 2010 to April 5th, 2020 that included the search terms patient satisfaction and teledermatology. All studies that included patient satisfaction as an outcome were included, but studies not published in English were excluded. We examined domains of satisfaction, survey method, study characteristics (including patient population, country, age, study design and evidence score), findings and statistical comparisons. We thoroughly reviewed 23 studies. Definitions of satisfaction varied, but all concluded patients were satisfied with the live-interactive and store-and-forward modalities. The studies reveal that store-and-forward is appropriate for clinicians with established patients who require regular follow-up. Verified areas of care include treatment of chronic conditions, topical skin cancer therapy, wound monitoring, and post-procedural follow-up. Only four studies conducted statistical analyses. One of those studies compared patient preference for each modality of teledermatology with face-to-face dermatology. While this study reported high satisfaction with each mode of teledermatology, patients still preferred face-to-face. Favorable responses to remote diagnostic capabilities suggest that these offerings improve preference for teledermatology. With only one study evaluating preference between each modality and face-to-face dermatology, more studies should address the discrepancy. Surveys that cover all domains of satisfaction may improve assessments and identify where gaps in preference exist.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-215
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of Dermatological Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 2021


  • Live interactive
  • Patient satisfaction
  • Store and forward
  • Survey methods
  • Teledermatology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology


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