Defining the sleep phenotype in children with autism

Suzanne E. Goldman, Kyla Surdyka, Ramon Cuevas, Karen Adkins, Lily Wang, Beth A. Malow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

125 Scopus citations


Sleep concerns are common in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We identified objective sleep measures that differentiated ASD children with and without parental sleep concerns, and related parental concerns and objective measures to aspects of daytime behavior. ASD poor sleepers differed from ASD good sleepers on actigraphic (sleep latency, sleep efficiency, fragmentation) and polysomnographic (sleep latency) measures, and were reported to have more inattention, hyperactivity, and restricted/repetitive behaviors. Fragmentation was correlated with more restricted/repetitive behaviors. This work provides the foundation for focused studies of pathophysiology and targeted interventions to improve sleep in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)560-573
Number of pages14
JournalDevelopmental Neuropsychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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