Defects in whirlin, a PDZ domain molecule involved in stereocilia elongation, cause deafness in the whirler mouse and families with DFNB31

Philomena Mburu, Mirna Mustapha, Anabel Varela, Dominique Weil, Aziz El-Amraoui, Ralph H. Holme, Andreas Rump, Rachel E. Hardisty, Stéphane Blanchard, Roney S. Coimbra, Isabelle Perfettini, Nick Parkinson, Ann Marie Mallon, Pete Glenister, Mike J. Rogers, Adam J. Paige, Lee Moir, Jo Clay, Andre Rosenthal, Xue Zhong LiuGonzalo Blanco, Karen P. Steel, Christine Petit, Steve D.M. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

221 Scopus citations

Abstract

The whirler mouse mutant (wi) does not respond to sound stimuli, and detailed ultrastructural analysis of sensory hair cells in the organ of Corti of the inner ear indicates that the whirler gene encodes a protein involved in the elongation and maintenance of stereocilia in both inner hair cells (IHCs) and outer hair cells (OHCs). BAC-mediated transgene correction of the mouse phenotype and mutation analysis identified the causative gene as encoding a novel PDZ protein called whirlin. The gene encoding whirlin also underlies the human autosomal recessive deafness locus DFNB31. In the mouse cochlea, whirlin is expressed in the sensory IHC and OHC stereocilia. Our findings suggest that this novel PDZ domain-containing molecule acts as an organizer of submembranous molecular complexes that control the coordinated actin polymerization and membrane growth of stereocilia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)421-428
Number of pages8
JournalNature genetics
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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    Mburu, P., Mustapha, M., Varela, A., Weil, D., El-Amraoui, A., Holme, R. H., Rump, A., Hardisty, R. E., Blanchard, S., Coimbra, R. S., Perfettini, I., Parkinson, N., Mallon, A. M., Glenister, P., Rogers, M. J., Paige, A. J., Moir, L., Clay, J., Rosenthal, A., ... Brown, S. D. M. (2003). Defects in whirlin, a PDZ domain molecule involved in stereocilia elongation, cause deafness in the whirler mouse and families with DFNB31. Nature genetics, 34(4), 421-428. https://doi.org/10.1038/ng1208