Objective The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of using computerized software-assisted centerline measurements for extensions and graft junctions during the selection of endograft components for modular aortic endografts in endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Methods From April 1998 to December 2002, 289 modular aortic endografts were implanted at our institution. These included 248 grafts (prior to 2002, group 1) with components selected on the basis of manual caliper measurements from combined contrast computed tomography (CT) and marker-catheter arteriography data, and 41 grafts (2002, group 2) with components selected with the use of computerized software that allowed for centerline measurements on 3-dimensional reconstructions based on CT data. These 2 groups were compared for the number and type of extensions required per case. Seventeen other relevant variables were analyzed for their potential influence on selection of endograft components. These variables included age, gender, maximum aneurysm size, level of distal fixation, length and diameter at the fixation points, endograft manufacturer (make), and configuration. The significance of the observed differences was analyzed with a multivariate regression model, adjusting for potentially confounding preoperative measures. Results Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the number of right iliac extensions, left iliac extensions, total extensions, and total graft junctions was significantly reduced by the use of computerized software-assisted centerline measurements (group 2) compared with caliper measurements (group 1), independent of all other 17 preoperative variables. Notably, the mean number of required right iliac extensions was double in group 1 versus group 2. Conclusions Centerline software-assisted measurements can significantly reduce the need for iliac extensions and, concomitantly, the number of required endograft junctions. On average, twice as many extensions were required for right iliac fixation when the manual caliper measurements were used compared with software-assisted measurements. These findings are highly relevant to issues of total endograft cost and long-term endograft integrity and focus attention on the tools that may need to be considered standards of care rather than optional for selection of endograft components.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine