The E2A-encoded transcription factors E12 and E47 are key regulators of B cell functions. They bind to the E-box site, found in regulatory regions of B cell-specific genes; promote cell survival of early pre-B cells; help to initiate Ig rearrangements; and are also involved in class switch in mature B cells in the periphery. We have investigated the expression and function of E47 and E12 in IL-7-expanded pro-B/pre-B cell precursors and in unstimulated or LPS-activated splenic B cells from young and old BALB/c mice. Results show that B cell precursors from the bone marrow of old mice exhibit a reduced expression of E2A proteins and a reduced ability to bind DNA, as compared with young mice. In the spleen, E2A protein expression and DNA binding are present in unstimulated B cells from young mice and, to a significantly lesser extent, from old mice. These are both strongly induced by activation in splenic B cells from young mice but only moderately induced in old mice, indicating that aging affects the expression and activity of E2A-encoded genes and also that DNA binding correlates with the amount of protein expression. The levels of E2A DNA binding in the spleen correlate with those in the bone marrow for individual mice. In splenic mature B cells, only E47/E47 complexes bind DNA; whereas in bone marrow B cell precursors, E47/E12 complexes participate in DNA binding. Only nuclear extracts of splenic mature B cells, but both nuclear and cytoplasmic extracts of bone marrow B cell precursors, exhibit DNA binding.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy