Using radioligand binding, RT-PCR, and Southern blot analyses, we evaluated whether agonist [D-Trp6]LH-RH and antagonist Cetrorelix could affect the levels of receptors for LH-RH and EGF and expression of mRNA for these receptors in DU-145 human androgen-independent prostate cancers xenografted into nude mice. Radioligand binding studies showed the presence of specific high affinity receptors for LH-RH and EGF in DU-145 prostate tumors. Cetrorelix, but not [D-Trp6]LH-RH significantly inhibited tumor growth. The concentration of LH-RH receptors was reduced by 22% (p<0.05) and 67% (p<0.01) after 4 weeks of treatment with [D-Trp6]LH-RH and Cetrorelix respectively. The concentration of EGF receptors fell by 48% (p<0.05) in the [D-Trp6]LH-RH group, whereas Cetrorelix led to a 66% reduction (p<0.01). The expression of LH-RH and EGF receptor mRNA was investigated by RT-PCR analysis followed by Southern blotting. Densitometric analysis of the developed bands showed that the antagonist Cetrorelix decreased the expression of LH-RH receptor mRNA by 55% (p<0.01) compared to control group while the 20% reduction after treatment with the LH-RH agonist was non-significant. Treatment with [D-Trp6]LH-RH and Cetrorelix also reduced the expression of EGF receptor mRNA by 35% and 68% respectively (both, p<0.01) compared to control group. In conclusion, these data demonstrate that growth inhibition of DU-145 prostate tumors induced by prolonged administration of LH-RH antagonist Cetrorelix is accompanied by a marked decrease in the concentration of LH-RH and EGF receptors as well as in their mRNA levels.
- Androgen-independent prostate cancer
- LH-RH antagonist
- Southern blotting
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research