Decrease in CD3-negative-CD8dim+ and Vδ2/Vγ9 TcR + peripheral blood lymphocyte counts, low perforin expression and the impairment of natural killer cell activity is associated with chronic hepatitis C virus infection

Gabriella Pár, Daniel Rukavina, Eckhard R. Podack, Margit Horányi, Júlia Szekeres-Barthó, Géza Hegedüs, Mária Paál, László Szereday, Gyula Mózsik, Alajos Pár

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

77 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background/Aims: As chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with impaired natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity, we examined the phenotypes and perforin expression of peripheral blood lymphocytes, as well as the effect of interferon-α2b (IFN-α2b) therapy. Methods: Thirty-three patients had chronic hepatitis C, and of them 12 had been on IFN-α2b treatment. Eleven individuals had been treated earlier with IFN-α2b and completely cured, and eight were HCV carriers with persistently normal serum alanine aminotransferase. Three-colour flow cytometry was used to measure the percentage of CD3+/- CD8+, CD3 + CD4+, γδTcR+, Vδ2 TcR +, Vγ9 TcR +, Vδ1 TcR+, CD3 - CD16+, CD3 - CD56+, CD19 + and perforin-positive cells. NK cell activity was assessed by single cell cytotoxic and flow cytometric assay. Results: Patients with chronic hepatitis C showed an impaired NK cytotoxicity, decreased percentage of CD3-negative-CD8dim-positive (NK subtype) and Vγ9/Vδ2 TcR + as well as perforin-positive T lymphocytes, compared to controls and to those who were cured from HCV infection. IFN-α2b increased NK cell cytotoxicity and the percentage of perforin-positive lymphocytes. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that in chronic HCV infection a decreased percentage of CD3-CD8+, Vγ9/Vδ2 TcR + and perforin-positive T cells and simultaneous decreased peripheral NK activity may contribute to the impaired cellular immune response and the chronicity of the disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)514-522
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Hepatology
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2002

Keywords

  • CD3-negative-CD8 lymphocytes
  • Gamma/delta T cells
  • Hepatitis C virus
  • Interferon
  • Natural killer cytotoxicity
  • Perforin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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