Decadal changes in the aragonite and calcite saturation state of the Pacific Ocean

Richard A. Feely, Christopher L. Sabine, Robert H. Byrne, Frank J Millero, Andrew G. Dickson, Rik Wanninkhof, Akihiko Murata, Lisa A. Miller, Dana Greeley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Based on measurements from the WOCE/JGOFS global CO2 survey, the CLIVAR/CO2 Repeat Hydrography Program and the Canadian Line P survey, we have observed an average decrease of 0.34% yr-1 in the saturation state of surface seawater in the Pacific Ocean with respect to aragonite and calcite. The upward migrations of the aragonite and calcite saturation horizons, averaging about 1 to 2 m yr-1, are the direct result of the uptake of anthropogenic CO2 by the oceans and regional changes in circulation and biogeochemical processes. The shoaling of the saturation horizon is regionally variable, with more rapid shoaling in the South Pacific where there is a larger uptake of anthropogenic CO2. In some locations, particularly in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre and in the California Current, the decadal changes in circulation can be the dominant factor in controlling the migration of the saturation horizon. If CO2 emissions continue as projected over the rest of this century, the resulting changes in the marine carbonate system would mean that many coral reef systems in the Pacific would no longer be able to sustain a sufficiently high rate of calcification to maintain the viability of these ecosystems as a whole, and these changes perhaps could seriously impact the thousands of marine species that depend on them for survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberGB3001
JournalGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Calcium Carbonate
aragonite
calcite
saturation
ocean
WOCE
carbonate system
Reefs
calcification
Carbonates
hydrography
gyre
Seawater
Ecosystems
coral reef
viability
seawater
ecosystem

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Feely, R. A., Sabine, C. L., Byrne, R. H., Millero, F. J., Dickson, A. G., Wanninkhof, R., ... Greeley, D. (2012). Decadal changes in the aragonite and calcite saturation state of the Pacific Ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26(3), [GB3001]. https://doi.org/10.1029/2011GB004157

Decadal changes in the aragonite and calcite saturation state of the Pacific Ocean. / Feely, Richard A.; Sabine, Christopher L.; Byrne, Robert H.; Millero, Frank J; Dickson, Andrew G.; Wanninkhof, Rik; Murata, Akihiko; Miller, Lisa A.; Greeley, Dana.

In: Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 26, No. 3, GB3001, 2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Feely, RA, Sabine, CL, Byrne, RH, Millero, FJ, Dickson, AG, Wanninkhof, R, Murata, A, Miller, LA & Greeley, D 2012, 'Decadal changes in the aragonite and calcite saturation state of the Pacific Ocean', Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol. 26, no. 3, GB3001. https://doi.org/10.1029/2011GB004157
Feely RA, Sabine CL, Byrne RH, Millero FJ, Dickson AG, Wanninkhof R et al. Decadal changes in the aragonite and calcite saturation state of the Pacific Ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 2012;26(3). GB3001. https://doi.org/10.1029/2011GB004157
Feely, Richard A. ; Sabine, Christopher L. ; Byrne, Robert H. ; Millero, Frank J ; Dickson, Andrew G. ; Wanninkhof, Rik ; Murata, Akihiko ; Miller, Lisa A. ; Greeley, Dana. / Decadal changes in the aragonite and calcite saturation state of the Pacific Ocean. In: Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 2012 ; Vol. 26, No. 3.
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