DBT-enhanced habit reversal treatment for trichotillomania: 3- and 6-month follow-up results

Nancy J. Keuthen, Barbara O. Rothbaum, Martha J. Falkenstein, Suzanne Meunier, Kiara R. Timpano, Michael A. Jenike, Stacy Shaw Welch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


Background: Maintenance of gains with cognitive-behavioral treatment for trichotillomania (TTM) has historically been problematic. Methods: We conducted follow-up assessments 3 and 6 months after completion of a 3-month maintenance phase on 10 individuals with DSM-IV-TR TTM who participated in an open trial of a dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)-enhanced habit reversal treatment (HRT). Results: Significant improvement from baseline was reported at 3- and 6-month follow-up on all measures of hair pulling severity and emotion regulation, although some worsening was reported on some measures from earlier study time points. At 6-month follow-up, five and four participants were full and partial responders, respectively. Significant correlations were reported at both follow-up time points between changes in hair pulling severity and emotion regulation capacity. Conclusions: DBT-enhanced HRT offers promise for improved long-term treatment results in TTM. Changes in TTM severity from baseline to 3- and 6-month follow-up is correlated with changes in emotion regulation capacity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)310-313
Number of pages4
JournalDepression and anxiety
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Dialectical behavior therapy
  • Habit reversal
  • Hair pulling
  • Trichotillomania

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology


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