Daily Intake of Sodium and Potassium Among Diverse US Hispanics/Latinos, the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos

Tali Elfassy, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Linda Van Horn, Sonia Angell, Neil Schneiderman, Tatjana Rundek, Leopoldo Raij, Sylvia W. Smoller, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Martha L. Daviglus, David B. Hanna, Adina Zeki Al Hazzouri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: High sodium and low potassium consumption are risk factors for hypertension. The objectives of this study were to describe usual daily intake of sodium and potassium among US Hispanics/Latinos of diverse background groups and estimate the proportion meeting guidelines for dietary sodium and potassium intake. METHODS: We studied 16,171 participants of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), a diverse group of self-identified Hispanics/Latinos aged 18-74 years from 4 US communities. In 2008-2011, all HCHS/SOL participants underwent a standardized examination. Median usual daily intake of dietary sodium and potassium were derived from two 24-hour diet recalls; standard errors and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using boot strap methods. Meeting 2015 US Department of Agriculture guidelines was defined as an intake of <2,300 mg/day of sodium and ≥4,700 mg/day of potassium. RESULTS: Among US Hispanics/Latinos, median usual daily intake of sodium was 2,574 mg (95% CI: 2,547, 2,600) among women and 3,747 mg (95% CI: 3,697, 3,796) among men. Median usual daily intake of potassium was 2,069 mg (95% CI: 2,046, 2,092) among women and 2,649 mg (95% CI: 2,615, 2,683) among men. Overall, only 21.3% (95% CI: 20.2%, 22.4%) of the US Hispanic/Latino population met 2015 recommendations for sodium and 0.6% (95% CI: 0.4%, 0.8%) for potassium. CONCLUSIONS: Among US Hispanics/Latinos intake of sodium is too high and potassium too low. Strategies to reduce sodium intake while simultaneously increasing intake of potassium in this US population are warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)868-879
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican journal of hypertension
Volume32
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 14 2019

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Hispanic Americans
Potassium
Sodium
Health
Confidence Intervals
Dietary Potassium
Dietary Sodium
Guidelines
United States Department of Agriculture
Population

Keywords

  • blood pressure
  • Hispanics
  • hypertension
  • Latinos
  • potassium
  • recommendations
  • sodium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Daily Intake of Sodium and Potassium Among Diverse US Hispanics/Latinos, the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. / Elfassy, Tali; Sotres-Alvarez, Daniela; Van Horn, Linda; Angell, Sonia; Schneiderman, Neil; Rundek, Tatjana; Raij, Leopoldo; Smoller, Sylvia W.; Mossavar-Rahmani, Yasmin; Daviglus, Martha L.; Hanna, David B.; Zeki Al Hazzouri, Adina.

In: American journal of hypertension, Vol. 32, No. 9, 14.08.2019, p. 868-879.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Elfassy, T, Sotres-Alvarez, D, Van Horn, L, Angell, S, Schneiderman, N, Rundek, T, Raij, L, Smoller, SW, Mossavar-Rahmani, Y, Daviglus, ML, Hanna, DB & Zeki Al Hazzouri, A 2019, 'Daily Intake of Sodium and Potassium Among Diverse US Hispanics/Latinos, the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos', American journal of hypertension, vol. 32, no. 9, pp. 868-879. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajh/hpz073
Elfassy, Tali ; Sotres-Alvarez, Daniela ; Van Horn, Linda ; Angell, Sonia ; Schneiderman, Neil ; Rundek, Tatjana ; Raij, Leopoldo ; Smoller, Sylvia W. ; Mossavar-Rahmani, Yasmin ; Daviglus, Martha L. ; Hanna, David B. ; Zeki Al Hazzouri, Adina. / Daily Intake of Sodium and Potassium Among Diverse US Hispanics/Latinos, the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. In: American journal of hypertension. 2019 ; Vol. 32, No. 9. pp. 868-879.
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title = "Daily Intake of Sodium and Potassium Among Diverse US Hispanics/Latinos, the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: High sodium and low potassium consumption are risk factors for hypertension. The objectives of this study were to describe usual daily intake of sodium and potassium among US Hispanics/Latinos of diverse background groups and estimate the proportion meeting guidelines for dietary sodium and potassium intake. METHODS: We studied 16,171 participants of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), a diverse group of self-identified Hispanics/Latinos aged 18-74 years from 4 US communities. In 2008-2011, all HCHS/SOL participants underwent a standardized examination. Median usual daily intake of dietary sodium and potassium were derived from two 24-hour diet recalls; standard errors and 95{\%} confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using boot strap methods. Meeting 2015 US Department of Agriculture guidelines was defined as an intake of <2,300 mg/day of sodium and ≥4,700 mg/day of potassium. RESULTS: Among US Hispanics/Latinos, median usual daily intake of sodium was 2,574 mg (95{\%} CI: 2,547, 2,600) among women and 3,747 mg (95{\%} CI: 3,697, 3,796) among men. Median usual daily intake of potassium was 2,069 mg (95{\%} CI: 2,046, 2,092) among women and 2,649 mg (95{\%} CI: 2,615, 2,683) among men. Overall, only 21.3{\%} (95{\%} CI: 20.2{\%}, 22.4{\%}) of the US Hispanic/Latino population met 2015 recommendations for sodium and 0.6{\%} (95{\%} CI: 0.4{\%}, 0.8{\%}) for potassium. CONCLUSIONS: Among US Hispanics/Latinos intake of sodium is too high and potassium too low. Strategies to reduce sodium intake while simultaneously increasing intake of potassium in this US population are warranted.",
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AU - Sotres-Alvarez, Daniela

AU - Van Horn, Linda

AU - Angell, Sonia

AU - Schneiderman, Neil

AU - Rundek, Tatjana

AU - Raij, Leopoldo

AU - Smoller, Sylvia W.

AU - Mossavar-Rahmani, Yasmin

AU - Daviglus, Martha L.

AU - Hanna, David B.

AU - Zeki Al Hazzouri, Adina

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N2 - BACKGROUND: High sodium and low potassium consumption are risk factors for hypertension. The objectives of this study were to describe usual daily intake of sodium and potassium among US Hispanics/Latinos of diverse background groups and estimate the proportion meeting guidelines for dietary sodium and potassium intake. METHODS: We studied 16,171 participants of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), a diverse group of self-identified Hispanics/Latinos aged 18-74 years from 4 US communities. In 2008-2011, all HCHS/SOL participants underwent a standardized examination. Median usual daily intake of dietary sodium and potassium were derived from two 24-hour diet recalls; standard errors and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using boot strap methods. Meeting 2015 US Department of Agriculture guidelines was defined as an intake of <2,300 mg/day of sodium and ≥4,700 mg/day of potassium. RESULTS: Among US Hispanics/Latinos, median usual daily intake of sodium was 2,574 mg (95% CI: 2,547, 2,600) among women and 3,747 mg (95% CI: 3,697, 3,796) among men. Median usual daily intake of potassium was 2,069 mg (95% CI: 2,046, 2,092) among women and 2,649 mg (95% CI: 2,615, 2,683) among men. Overall, only 21.3% (95% CI: 20.2%, 22.4%) of the US Hispanic/Latino population met 2015 recommendations for sodium and 0.6% (95% CI: 0.4%, 0.8%) for potassium. CONCLUSIONS: Among US Hispanics/Latinos intake of sodium is too high and potassium too low. Strategies to reduce sodium intake while simultaneously increasing intake of potassium in this US population are warranted.

AB - BACKGROUND: High sodium and low potassium consumption are risk factors for hypertension. The objectives of this study were to describe usual daily intake of sodium and potassium among US Hispanics/Latinos of diverse background groups and estimate the proportion meeting guidelines for dietary sodium and potassium intake. METHODS: We studied 16,171 participants of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), a diverse group of self-identified Hispanics/Latinos aged 18-74 years from 4 US communities. In 2008-2011, all HCHS/SOL participants underwent a standardized examination. Median usual daily intake of dietary sodium and potassium were derived from two 24-hour diet recalls; standard errors and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using boot strap methods. Meeting 2015 US Department of Agriculture guidelines was defined as an intake of <2,300 mg/day of sodium and ≥4,700 mg/day of potassium. RESULTS: Among US Hispanics/Latinos, median usual daily intake of sodium was 2,574 mg (95% CI: 2,547, 2,600) among women and 3,747 mg (95% CI: 3,697, 3,796) among men. Median usual daily intake of potassium was 2,069 mg (95% CI: 2,046, 2,092) among women and 2,649 mg (95% CI: 2,615, 2,683) among men. Overall, only 21.3% (95% CI: 20.2%, 22.4%) of the US Hispanic/Latino population met 2015 recommendations for sodium and 0.6% (95% CI: 0.4%, 0.8%) for potassium. CONCLUSIONS: Among US Hispanics/Latinos intake of sodium is too high and potassium too low. Strategies to reduce sodium intake while simultaneously increasing intake of potassium in this US population are warranted.

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