Daily dynamics of personal identity and self-concept clarity

Seth J Schwartz, Theo A. Klimstra, Koen Luyckx, William W. Hale, Tom Frijns, Annerieke Oosterwegel, Pol A C van Lier, Hans M. Koot, Wim H J Meeus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examined the daily dynamics among self-concept clarity and identity processes, and their effects on distress, among a sample of 580 Dutch adolescents. Participants completed measures of identity, self-concept clarity, anxiety and depression at annual intervals; and daily single-item measures of self-concept clarity, identity commitments and reconsideration across three 5-day weeks. We examined (a) cross-lagged associations of self-concept clarity to identity commitment and reconsideration and (b) associations of daily fluctuations in self and identity processes to later anxiety and depression. Results indicated that self-concept clarity and identity commitments influence one another reciprocally across days, and that day-to-day fluctuations in identity predicted later anxiety and depression. Results are discussed in terms of self and identity processes and their effects on distress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-385
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Personality
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

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Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Daily measurement
  • Depression
  • Early adolescence
  • Identity
  • Self-concept clarity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Schwartz, S. J., Klimstra, T. A., Luyckx, K., Hale, W. W., Frijns, T., Oosterwegel, A., van Lier, P. A. C., Koot, H. M., & Meeus, W. H. J. (2011). Daily dynamics of personal identity and self-concept clarity. European Journal of Personality, 25(5), 373-385. https://doi.org/10.1002/per.798