Daily dynamics of personal identity and self-concept clarity

Seth J. Schwartz, Theo A. Klimstra, Koen Luyckx, William W. Hale, Tom Frijns, Annerieke Oosterwegel, Pol A.C. van Lier, Hans M. Koot, Wim H.J. Meeus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations


We examined the daily dynamics among self-concept clarity and identity processes, and their effects on distress, among a sample of 580 Dutch adolescents. Participants completed measures of identity, self-concept clarity, anxiety and depression at annual intervals; and daily single-item measures of self-concept clarity, identity commitments and reconsideration across three 5-day weeks. We examined (a) cross-lagged associations of self-concept clarity to identity commitment and reconsideration and (b) associations of daily fluctuations in self and identity processes to later anxiety and depression. Results indicated that self-concept clarity and identity commitments influence one another reciprocally across days, and that day-to-day fluctuations in identity predicted later anxiety and depression. Results are discussed in terms of self and identity processes and their effects on distress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-385
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Personality
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2011


  • Anxiety
  • Daily measurement
  • Depression
  • Early adolescence
  • Identity
  • Self-concept clarity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


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