After Ag activation of naive T. cells in vitro, extensive growth and differentiation into effector cells depend upon IL-2. DNA microarray analysis was used to identify IL-2-dependent molecules regulating this process. In this study, we show that the transcriptional repressor B lymphocyte-induced maturation protein 1 (Blimp-1) is expressed by a cytokine-dependent pathway in activated T lymphocytes. IL-2 production by activated CD4+ and CD8+ T cells inversely correlated with Blimp-1 levels as higher IL-2 production was associated with lower Blimp-1 expression. Furthermore, ectopic expression of Blimp-1 by activated T cells inhibited EL-2 production but enhanced granzyme B and CD25 expression. Collectively, these findings indicate that there is a negative feedback regulatory loop in activated T cells such that IL-2 inhibits its own production through induction of Blimp-1 while promoting an effector cell phenotype.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy