The frequency and type of chromosome abnormalities were analyzed in 917 female pronuclei in Syrian hamster eggs fertilized by human sperm. Analysis at this stage allows detection of errors which have occurred during meiosis I and II. The chromosomes were Q-banded to identify individual chromosomes and detect subtle alterations. Thirty-three (3.6%) of the hamster egg complements were abnormal: 19 (2.1%) were hypohaploid, seven (0.76%) were hyperhaploid, two (0.2%) had double aneuploidy, and five (0.5%) had a structural chromosome abnormality. Since there were significantly more hypohaploid than hyperhaploid complements, a conservative estimate of aneuploidy can be derived by doubling the frequency of hyperhaploid complements. Thus a minimal estimate of aneuploidy (single, 1.5%, and double, 0.2%) is 1.7% and a minimal estimate of the total frequency of abnormalities is 2.2%. All chromosome groups were represented among the aneuploid complements suggesting that all chromosomes are susceptible to non-disjunction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology