Cytidine-5'-diphosphocholine improves visual acuity, contrast sensitivity and visually-evoked potentials of amblyopic subjects

Vittorio Porciatti, Costantino Schiavi, Paola Benedetti, Alessandra Baldi, Emilio C. Campos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Purpose. Cytidine-5'-diphosphocholine (CDP-choline) therapy is currently used to improve the consciousness level in patients with brain lesions and as a complement to levodopa therapy in Parkinson's disease. Recently, the substance has been shown to improve the visual acuity (VA) of both eyes of adults with amblyopia. This study aims at establishing whether Contrast Sensitivity (CS) and visually-evoked potentials (VEPs) also change after CDP-choline treatment. Methods. VA, CS, and VEPs were measured in a group of amblyopic volunteers (n = 10. mean age 24.8 years) before treatment with Neuroton® (CDP-choline, 1 g/day intramuscularly [IM] for 15 days) and the day after termination of the same. CS was evaluated, using a forced-choice, automatic procedure (QUEST: Watson and Pelli, 1983). Steady-state VEPs were recorded in response to counterphased (8 Hz) sinusoidal gratings (2 c/deg) of different contrasts. Results. On average, after treatment, VA improved 1.4-1.5 lines in the amblyopic eyes and 0.4 lines in the normal eyes. CSs improved in both dominant and amblyopic eyes by about 3 dB. VEPs increased in amplitude (about 30%) and advanced in phase (about 0.2 π rad). Amplitude and phase changes were not correlated. Conclusions. Treating adult amblyopes with CDP-choline has the effect of improving their VA, CS and VEPs. Changes occur in both eyes, although to different extents, and resemble those previously reported for levodopa treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-148
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Eye Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Amblyopia
  • Contrast sensitivity
  • Cytidine-5'-diphosphocholine
  • Visual acuity
  • Visual evoked potentials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems


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