Cyst location and presence of high grade dysplasia or invasive cancer in intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas: a seven institution study from the central pancreas consortium

Stephanie Kerlakian, Vikrom K. Dhar, Daniel E. Abbott, David A. Kooby, Nipun Merchant, Hong J. Kim, Robert C. Martin, Charles R. Scoggins, David J. Bentrem, Sharon M. Weber, Shishir K. Maithel, Syed A. Ahmad, Sameer H. Patel

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Abstract

Background: Traditionally, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) of the pancreas with “high risk stigmata” (HRS) or “worrisome features” (WF) are referred for resection. We aim to assess if IPMN location is predictive of harboring either high grade dysplasia (HGD) or invasive cancer (IC). Methods: Patients undergoing resection for IPMN from seven institutions between 2000 and 2015 (n = 275) were analyzed. HRS and WF were defined by the 2012 Fukuoka international consensus guidelines. Results: 168 (61%) patients had head/uncinate cysts, while 107 (39%) had neck/body/tail cysts. No differences were noted between groups with regard to age, duct type, cyst size, or presence of at least one WF. Patients with cysts in the head/uncinate were more often male (55% vs. 40%), had at least one HRS (24% vs. 11%), and more often harbored HGD or IC(49% vs. 27%)[all p < 0.05]. On multivariate analysis, only cyst location in the head/uncinate remained associated with presence of HGD or IC(odds ratio 4.76, p = 0.02). Discussion: Cyst location is predictive of HGD or IC in patients with IPMNs. Head/uncinated cysts are more likely to harbor malignancy compared to those of the neck/body/tail. Additional studies are needed to confirm these findings, however, cyst location should be considered part of the decision making process for surveillance vs. resection for IPMNs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalHPB
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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Kerlakian, S., Dhar, V. K., Abbott, D. E., Kooby, D. A., Merchant, N., Kim, H. J., Martin, R. C., Scoggins, C. R., Bentrem, D. J., Weber, S. M., Maithel, S. K., Ahmad, S. A., & Patel, S. H. (Accepted/In press). Cyst location and presence of high grade dysplasia or invasive cancer in intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas: a seven institution study from the central pancreas consortium. HPB. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hpb.2018.09.018