Analysing cylindromatosis and the associated defects in the CYLD gene is providing novel insights into the molecular principles of epithelial growth control and carcinogenesis in, and beyond, the skin. In this review, we summarize the histopathology and histogenesis of cylindromas, and the available genetic information on patients with these skin appendage tumors. Focusing on recent data concerning the normal functions and signaling interactions of the CYLD gene product, we explain how CYLD interferes with TNF-α or TLR-mediated signaling as well as with JNK or NF-κB-dependent p65/50 signaling to limit inflammation. In addition, we delineate how CYLD interferes with activation of the proto-oncogene Bcl3 and with cyclin D1 expression to limit tumorigenesis, and chart how tumor growth-promoting agents or UV light and inflammatory mediators can activate CYLD. We argue that these recent insights into CYLD function and cylindroma pathogenesis may lead to the development of novel molecular strategies for cancer prevention and treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)