Cyclin-dependent Kinase 5 Promotes Insulin Exocytosis

Lena Lilja, Shao Nian Yang, Dominic Luc Webb, Lisa Juntti-Berggren, Per Olof Berggren, Christina Bark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

85 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) is widely expressed although kinase activity has been described preferentially in neuronal systems. Cdk5 has an impact on actin polymerization during neuronal migration and neurite outgrowth and deregulation of the kinase has been implicated in the promotion of neurodegeneration. Recently it was shown that Cdk5 modulates dopamine signaling in neurons by regulating DARPP-32 function. In addition, Cdk5 phosphorylates munc-18 and synapsin I, two essential components of the exocytotic machinery. We have shown by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, immunocytochemistry, and Western blotting that Cdk5 is present in the insulin-secreting pancreatic β-cell. Subcellular fractionation of isolated β-cells revealed a glucose-induced translocation of membrane-bound Cdk5 protein to lower density fractions. Inhibition of Cdk5 with roscovitine reduced insulin secretion with ∼35% compared with control after glucose stimulation and with ∼65% after depolarization with glucose and KCl. Capacitance measurements performed on single β-cells that expressed a dominant-negative Cdk5 mutant showed impaired exocytosis. The effect on exocytosis by Cdk5 appeared to be independent of changes in free cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration. Taken together these results show that Cdk5 is present in β-cells and acts as a positive regulator of insulin exocytosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34199-34205
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume276
Issue number36
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 7 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Lilja, L., Yang, S. N., Webb, D. L., Juntti-Berggren, L., Berggren, P. O., & Bark, C. (2001). Cyclin-dependent Kinase 5 Promotes Insulin Exocytosis. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 276(36), 34199-34205. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M103776200