Cyclic AMP-dependent phosphorylation of a 26 kD axonemal protein in ovine cilia isolated from small tissue pieces.

M. Salathe, M. M. Pratt, A. Wanner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

To study cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent phosphorylation events in ovine cilia in vitro, we adapted published axonemal isolation methods to obtain pure mammalian axonemal proteins from small ovine tracheal mucosa pieces with a surface area of only 1 cm2. The isolated axonemes could be reactivated in vitro upon ATP addition, thereby attesting to their functional integrity. The axonemal protein yield from these small mucosa pieces was high enough to allow protein concentration measurements of each sample and axonemal polypeptide analysis by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). cAMP is known to increase ciliary beat frequency, possibly through a phosphorylation event in the axoneme. To study cAMP-dependent phosphorylation events in ovine tracheal cilia, these axonemal preparations were exposed to [gamma-32P]ATP under conditions that stimulated or inhibited kinase activity. Analysis of axonemal polypeptides by SDS-PAGE and subsequent autoradiography showed that an axonemal protein with a M(r) of 26 kD is the only polypeptide consistently phosphorylated in a cAMP-dependent manner. The phosphorylation of this protein could be diminished by a highly specific inhibitor of cAMP-dependent protein kinase, KT-5720. The addition of calcium did not affect label incorporation into this protein during cAMP treatment. In the presence of cAMP and calcium, inhibitors of protein kinase C and calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase did not change the level of phosphorylation of the 26 kD protein. We conclude that cAMP treatment of isolated mammalian cilia results in the phosphorylation of a single protein with a M(r) of 26 kD (p26).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)306-314
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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