Cyber-physical security metric inference in smart grid critical infrastructures based on system administrators' responsive behavior

Saman Zonouz, Parisa Haghani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations


To protect complex power-grid control networks, efficient security assessment techniques are required. However, efficiently making sure that calculated security measures match the expert knowledge is a challenging endeavor. In this paper, we present EliMet, a framework that combines information from different sources and estimates the extent to which a control network meets its security objective. Initially, EliMet passively observes system operators' online reactive behavior against security incidents, and accordingly refines the calculated security measure values. To make the values comply with the expert knowledge, EliMet actively queries operators regarding those states for which sufficient information was not gained during the passive observation. Finally, EliMet makes use of the estimated security measure values for predictive situational awareness by ranking potential cyber-physical contingencies that the security administrators should plan for upfront. Our experimental results show that EliMet can optimally make use of prior knowledge as well as automated inference techniques to minimize human involvement and efficiently deduce the expert knowledge regarding individual states of that particular system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)190-200
Number of pages11
JournalComputers and Security
Issue numberPART B
StatePublished - Dec 6 2013



  • Cyber-physical system security
  • Intrusion detection and response
  • Power grid critical infrastructure
  • Security metric
  • Situational awareness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Law

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