Cushing's disease: Pituitary imaging

S. TRIPATHI, A. C. AMMINI, R. BHATIA, R. GUPTA, M. BERRY, C. SARKAR, H. MAHAJAN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fourteen patients with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-dependent hypercortisolism underwent pituitary scanning with computed axial tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Computed tomography revealed pituitary macroadenomas in two patients, pituitary hyperplasia in one and a suspicion of pituitary microadenoma in one. Thirteen patients underwent MRI. One with a macroadenoma diagnosed on CT did not undergo MRI. The MRI revealed a pituitary macroadenoma in one, microadenoma in three and hyperplasia in two cases. Magnetic resonance imaging following gadolinium diethylene triamine penta acetic acid (gd-DTPA) enhancement revealed four more pituitary microadenomas. All patients who had pituitary adenomas (micro and macro) and hyperplasia underwent trans-sphenoidal pituitary surgery. One of the two patients, who had an enlarged pituitary on imaging but no demonstrable adenoma, was found to have a microadenoma at surgery. Patients with ACTH- dependent hypercortisolism should undergo MRI of the pituitary gland to identify/localize corticotroph pituitary adenomas. The study should include gd-DTPA enhancement in cases where the scan is normal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-186
Number of pages4
JournalAustralasian Radiology
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • computed tomography scan
  • Cushing's disease
  • imaging
  • magnetic resonance imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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