The evolution of small bowel transplantation has been significant over the past 20 years to the point at which it can now be considered a viable and often successful option in the treatment of many forms of short bowel syndrome. A refinement of surgical techniques, improved immunosuppression, enhanced understanding of gut immunology, and better treatment and prevention of complications have contributed to a marked improvement in graft and patient survival. Whereas this transplant population is still beset with many potential complications after isolated bowel or multivisceral transplantation and long-term graft survival (like with other solid organ transplants) remains a challenge, the future holds promise for a continuation of the current positive trend of improvement in several areas.
- Multivisceral transplantation
- Small bowel transplantation
- Total parenteral nutrition
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