Current status of cognitive behavioral therapy for adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

Laura E. Knouse, Steven Safren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

88 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a valid and impairing psychological disorder that persists into adulthood in a majority of cases and is associated with chronic functional impairment and increased rates of comorbidity. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) approaches for this disorder have emerged recently, and available evidence from open and randomized controlled trials suggests that these approaches are promising in producing significant symptom reduction. A conceptual model of how CBT may work for ADHD is reviewed along with existing efficacy studies. A preliminary comparison of effect sizes across intervention packages suggests that targeted learning and practice of specific behavioral compensatory strategies may be a critical active ingredient in CBT for adult ADHD. The article concludes with a discussion of future directions and critical questions that must be addressed in this area of clinical research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)497-509
Number of pages13
JournalPsychiatric Clinics of North America
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cognitive Therapy
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Comorbidity
Randomized Controlled Trials
Learning
Psychology
Research

Keywords

  • Adults
  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Psychosocial treatment
  • Treatment outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Current status of cognitive behavioral therapy for adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. / Knouse, Laura E.; Safren, Steven.

In: Psychiatric Clinics of North America, Vol. 33, No. 3, 2010, p. 497-509.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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