Purpose In Brazil, a country with major health access disparities, resource limitations make management of pancreatic cancer (PC) challenging. This study evaluated curative-intent surgery for PC in the Brazilian public health care system. Methods We collected data for PC surgical procedures with curative intent in Brazil’s public health care system (DATASUS) and from the demographic database. Costs, lengths of stay, number of perioperative deaths, and PC deaths were analyzed for each state and then associated with population, gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, and number of procedures. Results A total of 37,142 patients died as a result of PC in Brazil between 2008 and 2012. The number of deaths (per 100,000 person-years) was highest in the south and southeast regions. Mortality from PC had a positive association with the number of procedures and GDP per capita. Between January 2008 and July 2014, 3,386 procedures were performed, the majority (51.2%) in the southeast region. Four hundred ninety-three patients died, which translates to an inpatient mortality rate of 14.6%. The northern states had the highest perioperative mortality (mean, 25%). The number of procedures per 100,000 residents was higher in the southeast and south. Overall, cost tended to increase as the number of procedures or population increased. For fixed GDP per capita and population, cost tended to increase as the number of procedures increased, whereas for a fixed number of procedures and GDP per capita, cost tended to decrease as population increased. The mean length of hospital stay was 16.9 days, which was higher than in major international centers. Conclusion This study is the first to our knowledge to evaluate regional disparities in PC care in Brazil. Perioperative mortality was high in the public health care system. Regionalized policies that improve care are needed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research