Cultures have consequences: A configural approach to leadership across two cultures

Kyootai Lee, Terri A. Scandura, Monica M. Sharif

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


This research compares the influence of country membership and cultural values (power distance and individualism/collectivism) in a model of LMX and organizational change. The results reveal cultural differences in the relationships among LMX, consultation and affective commitment to organizational change, supporting prior studies. However, there are substantial differences in the moderation of the cultural values in the relationships among the research constructs at the individual level. Our results suggest that understanding national culture and its influence on leadership may be incomplete when we focus only on mean differences at the country level to examine cross-cultural differences. To address this concern, we offer a configural approach to examine the role of culture in a leadership model across two cultures (the U.S. and Korea).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)692-710
Number of pages19
JournalLeadership Quarterly
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2014


  • Affective commitment to organizational change
  • Configural approach
  • Consultation
  • Cultural values
  • Leader-member exchange

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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