Cultural sensitivity in paediatric nursing care: a concept analysis using the Hybrid method

Parvaneh Aghajari, Leila Valizadeh, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Akram Ghahramanian, Cynthia Foronda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: Cultural sensitivity is a core concept to establish awareness and knowledge about various ethnicities, cultures, genders and additional diversity characteristics to understand individual's requests and respond appropriately to them. A need for further development of the concept is warranted, especially in the context of paediatric nursing. Aims: The purpose of this paper was to determine the main elements of cultural sensitivity in the context of paediatric nursing in Iran. Methods: The Hybrid method was implemented consisting of three phases: theoretical, fieldwork and final analysis. In the theoretical phase, articles from 2007 to 2017 were reviewed for relevance. In the phase of fieldwork, 25 nurses and nine parents were interviewed to explore the aspects of cultural sensitivity in paediatric nursing. The interviews were transcribed, and content analysis was conducted. In the final phase, an overall analysis of the two previous phases was performed. Results: In the theoretical phase, the following attributes were determined: cultural encounter and awareness, acceptance of cultural diversity and designing programmes in accordance with family culture. The fieldwork phase explored three themes of intercultural encounters, intercultural communication and adapting the care plan with family culture. The final synthesis yielded that sensitivity to family requests and beliefs, effective intercultural communication and integration of family culture with the care plan are the main elements of cultural sensitivity in Iranian paediatric nursing. Conclusion: With a deeper understanding of the term cultural sensitivity, nurses will have a foundation to improve paediatric nursing care and align the care plan with the patient's culture to provide trust, child/parent participation, secure care, effective communication and satisfaction. Since the concepts are the building blocks that underpin theory, the present concepts identified can help to serve as the foundation for the development of a theoretical model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)609-620
Number of pages12
JournalScandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019


  • Iran
  • concept analysis
  • cultural sensitivity
  • family-centred care
  • paediatric nursing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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