Cultural and gender differences in emotion regulation: Relation to depression

Hoin Kwon, K. Lira Yoon, Jutta Joormann, Jung Hye Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the last decade, studies have shown that the use of specific emotion regulation strategies contributes to an increased risk for depression. Past research, however, has overlooked potential cultural and gender differences in emotion regulation. The present study examined the relation between the use of emotion regulation strategies and depressive symptoms among college students in two different cultures (n=380 in Seoul, Korea; n=384 in Miami, USA). Koreans, compared with American students, reported more frequent use of brooding, whereas Americans reported more anger suppression than Koreans. Women were more likely than men to use both types of rumination (i.e., reflective pondering and brooding) and anger suppression in both countries, but these gender differences disappeared once levels of depressive symptoms were controlled for. In addition, the association between the use of reappraisal and depressive symptoms was significantly stronger in the Korean compared to the US sample. In contrast, the association between anger suppression and depressive symptoms was significantly stronger in the American compared to the Korean sample. These findings highlight the importance of considering the role of culture in emotion regulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)769-782
Number of pages14
JournalCognition and Emotion
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2013

Fingerprint

Emotions
Depression
Anger
Students
Korea
Emotion Regulation
Depressive Symptoms
Cultural Differences
Gender Differences
Suppression
Research

Keywords

  • Culture
  • Depression
  • Emotion regulation
  • Reappraisal
  • Rumination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Cultural and gender differences in emotion regulation : Relation to depression. / Kwon, Hoin; Yoon, K. Lira; Joormann, Jutta; Kwon, Jung Hye.

In: Cognition and Emotion, Vol. 27, No. 5, 01.08.2013, p. 769-782.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kwon, Hoin ; Yoon, K. Lira ; Joormann, Jutta ; Kwon, Jung Hye. / Cultural and gender differences in emotion regulation : Relation to depression. In: Cognition and Emotion. 2013 ; Vol. 27, No. 5. pp. 769-782.
@article{4d2f3acb6f9443b7a2d9f01e893ee61e,
title = "Cultural and gender differences in emotion regulation: Relation to depression",
abstract = "In the last decade, studies have shown that the use of specific emotion regulation strategies contributes to an increased risk for depression. Past research, however, has overlooked potential cultural and gender differences in emotion regulation. The present study examined the relation between the use of emotion regulation strategies and depressive symptoms among college students in two different cultures (n=380 in Seoul, Korea; n=384 in Miami, USA). Koreans, compared with American students, reported more frequent use of brooding, whereas Americans reported more anger suppression than Koreans. Women were more likely than men to use both types of rumination (i.e., reflective pondering and brooding) and anger suppression in both countries, but these gender differences disappeared once levels of depressive symptoms were controlled for. In addition, the association between the use of reappraisal and depressive symptoms was significantly stronger in the Korean compared to the US sample. In contrast, the association between anger suppression and depressive symptoms was significantly stronger in the American compared to the Korean sample. These findings highlight the importance of considering the role of culture in emotion regulation.",
keywords = "Culture, Depression, Emotion regulation, Reappraisal, Rumination",
author = "Hoin Kwon and Yoon, {K. Lira} and Jutta Joormann and Kwon, {Jung Hye}",
year = "2013",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/02699931.2013.792244",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "769--782",
journal = "Cognition and Emotion",
issn = "0269-9931",
publisher = "Psychology Press Ltd",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cultural and gender differences in emotion regulation

T2 - Relation to depression

AU - Kwon, Hoin

AU - Yoon, K. Lira

AU - Joormann, Jutta

AU - Kwon, Jung Hye

PY - 2013/8/1

Y1 - 2013/8/1

N2 - In the last decade, studies have shown that the use of specific emotion regulation strategies contributes to an increased risk for depression. Past research, however, has overlooked potential cultural and gender differences in emotion regulation. The present study examined the relation between the use of emotion regulation strategies and depressive symptoms among college students in two different cultures (n=380 in Seoul, Korea; n=384 in Miami, USA). Koreans, compared with American students, reported more frequent use of brooding, whereas Americans reported more anger suppression than Koreans. Women were more likely than men to use both types of rumination (i.e., reflective pondering and brooding) and anger suppression in both countries, but these gender differences disappeared once levels of depressive symptoms were controlled for. In addition, the association between the use of reappraisal and depressive symptoms was significantly stronger in the Korean compared to the US sample. In contrast, the association between anger suppression and depressive symptoms was significantly stronger in the American compared to the Korean sample. These findings highlight the importance of considering the role of culture in emotion regulation.

AB - In the last decade, studies have shown that the use of specific emotion regulation strategies contributes to an increased risk for depression. Past research, however, has overlooked potential cultural and gender differences in emotion regulation. The present study examined the relation between the use of emotion regulation strategies and depressive symptoms among college students in two different cultures (n=380 in Seoul, Korea; n=384 in Miami, USA). Koreans, compared with American students, reported more frequent use of brooding, whereas Americans reported more anger suppression than Koreans. Women were more likely than men to use both types of rumination (i.e., reflective pondering and brooding) and anger suppression in both countries, but these gender differences disappeared once levels of depressive symptoms were controlled for. In addition, the association between the use of reappraisal and depressive symptoms was significantly stronger in the Korean compared to the US sample. In contrast, the association between anger suppression and depressive symptoms was significantly stronger in the American compared to the Korean sample. These findings highlight the importance of considering the role of culture in emotion regulation.

KW - Culture

KW - Depression

KW - Emotion regulation

KW - Reappraisal

KW - Rumination

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84880004565&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84880004565&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/02699931.2013.792244

DO - 10.1080/02699931.2013.792244

M3 - Article

C2 - 23805826

AN - SCOPUS:84880004565

VL - 27

SP - 769

EP - 782

JO - Cognition and Emotion

JF - Cognition and Emotion

SN - 0269-9931

IS - 5

ER -