The cause of cryptorchidism remains obscure. Hormonal therapy is ineffective for most patients and initial response may be temporary. Surgery remains the most effective treatment for cryptorchidism. Testicular torsion is a surgical emergency in the postnatal infant and the pubertal male. Controversy surrounds the management of prenatal torsion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health