Cross-Cultural Generalizability of Paternalistic Leadership: An Expansion of Leader-Member Exchange Theory

Ekin K. Pellegrini, Teresa Scandura, Vaidyanathan Jayaraman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

108 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Paternalism is an emerging concept with significant potential for international leadership research. Paternalistic leaders combine benevolence with authority. Paternalism is a prevalent leadership style in non-Western business organizations. In this article, the authors extend research on paternalism to the Western business context. They compare the attitudes of employees from the United States (N = 215) and India (N = 207) with respect to paternalistic leadership and its correlates. Paternalism had a significant positive effect on job satisfaction in India, but the relationship was not significant in the United States. In both cultural contexts, paternalistic leadership was positively related to leader-member exchange and organizational commitment. Results suggest paternalistic leadership may generalize across cultures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-420
Number of pages30
JournalGroup and Organization Management
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 24 2010

Fingerprint

Paternalism
India
Beneficence
Job Satisfaction
Research
Leader-member exchange
Exchange theory
Generalizability

Keywords

  • India
  • leader-member exchange
  • organizational commitment
  • paternalistic leadership

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Cross-Cultural Generalizability of Paternalistic Leadership : An Expansion of Leader-Member Exchange Theory. / Pellegrini, Ekin K.; Scandura, Teresa; Jayaraman, Vaidyanathan.

In: Group and Organization Management, Vol. 35, No. 4, 24.08.2010, p. 391-420.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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