Critical analysis of lymph node examination in patients undergoing curative-intent resection for adrenocortical carcinoma

Benjamin W. Deschner, Zachary E. Stiles, Olivia M. DeLozier, Justin A. Drake, Miriam Tsao, Evan S. Glazer, Jeremiah L. Deneve, Danny Yakoub, Paxton V. Dickson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare tumor and the role of lymph node dissection remains ill-defined. This study evaluates the effect of nodal examination on prognosis and survival in patients undergoing curative-intent resection of ACC. Methods: The National Cancer Database (2004-2015) was queried for patients undergoing margin-negative resection for ACC. Patients with distant metastases, neoadjuvant therapy, multivisceral resection and T4 tumors were excluded. Results: Among 897 patients, 147 (16.4%) had lymph nodes examined. Factors associated with lymph node examination included increasing tumor size (P <.001), extra-adrenal extension (P <.001), open operation (P <.001), and resection at an academic facility (P =.003). Lymph node metastasis was significantly associated with extra-adrenal tumor extension (P =.04). Lymph node harvest, regardless of the number of nodes examined, was not associated with a survival benefit. Median overall survival was incrementally worse with increasing number of positive lymph nodes (88.2 months for N0, 34.9 months for 1-3 positive nodes, and 15.6 months for ≥4 positive nodes, P <.001). Conclusions: Lymph node harvest and lymph node metastasis were associated with more advanced tumors. Although nodal harvest did not offer a survival advantage, stratifying the nodal staging classification may provide important prognostic information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1152-1162
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of surgical oncology
Volume122
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020

Keywords

  • adrenal cancer
  • lymphadenectomy
  • prognosis
  • staging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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