Criminal Justice Contact and Health Service Utilization among Women across Health Care Settings: Analyzing the Role of Arrest

Kathryn Nowotny, Anastasiia Kuptsevych-Timmer, Carrie Oser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: It is well-established in the United States that incarceration negatively influences women's health, and researchers have called for examinations of the health effects of criminal justice contact more broadly. This study uses the behavioral model for vulnerable populations to document the prevalence of illness and health risks for recently arrested women, and examines potential ways that illness and health risks are associated with health service use across health care settings. Methods: We conducted a mediation analysis using pooled data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2010–2014). Results: These findings reveal that recent arrest is associated with different types of health care use among women. Specifically, women recently arrested are hospitalized and seek care at the emergency department at higher rates than non–recently arrested women and this may be associated with their vulnerable mental and behavioral health status. Conclusions: The findings suggest an increasing overlap between criminal justice and public health sectors. Increased access to appropriate health services is a necessary strategy to reduce resource intensive hospitalizations and emergency department use among women experiencing a recent arrest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalWomen's Health Issues
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Criminal Law
Women's Health
Health Services
health service
justice
utilization
contact
health care
Delivery of Health Care
Health
Hospital Emergency Service
health risk
illness
health
Public Sector
Vulnerable Populations
Health Status
Mental Health
hospitalization
Hospitalization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Maternity and Midwifery

Cite this

Criminal Justice Contact and Health Service Utilization among Women across Health Care Settings : Analyzing the Role of Arrest. / Nowotny, Kathryn; Kuptsevych-Timmer, Anastasiia; Oser, Carrie.

In: Women's Health Issues, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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