Coulometric total carbon dioxide analysis for marine studies: Assessment of the quality of total inorganic carbon measurements made during the US Indian Ocean CO2 survey 1994-1996

Kenneth M. Johnson, Andrew G. Dickson, Greg Eischeid, Catherine Goyet, Peter Guenther, Robert M. Key, Frank J. Millero, David Purkerson, Christopher L. Sabine, Rolf G. Schottle, Douglas W.R. Wallace, Richard J. Wilke, Christopher D. Winn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two single-operator multiparameter metabolic analyzers (SOMMA)-coulometry systems (I and II) for total carbon dioxide (TCO2) were placed on board the R/V Knorr for the US component of the Indian Ocean CO2 Survey in conjunction with the World Ocean Circulation Experiment-WOCE Hydrographic Program (WHP). The systems were used by six different measurement groups on 10 WHP Cruises beginning in December 1994 and ending in January 1996. A total of 18,828 individual samples were analyzed for TCO2 during the survey. This paper assesses the analytical quality of these data and the effect of several key factors on instrument performance. Data quality is assessed from the accuracy and precision of certified reference material (CRM) analyses from three different CRM batches. The precision of the method was 1.2 μmol/kg. The mean and standard deviation Of the differences between the known TCO2 for the CRM (certified value) and the CRM TCO2 determined by SOMMA-coulometry were -0.91 ± 0.58 (n = 470) and - 1.01 ± 0.44 (n = 513) μmol/kg for systems I and II, respectively, representing an accuracy of 0.05% for both systems. Measurements of TCO2 made on 12 crossover stations during the survey agreed to within 3 μmol/kg with an overall mean and standard deviation of the differences of - 0.8 ± 1.74 μmol/kg (n = 600). The crossover results are therefore consistent with the precision of the CRM analyses. After 14 months of nearly continuous use, the accurate and the virtually identical performance statistics for the two systems indicate that the cooperative survey effort was extraordinarily successful and will yield a high quality data set capable of fulfilling the objectives of the survey.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-37
Number of pages17
JournalMarine Chemistry
Volume63
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1998

Keywords

  • Marine studies
  • Single-operator multiparameter metabolic analyzers (SOMMA) coulometry
  • Total carbon dioxide (TCO)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Coulometric total carbon dioxide analysis for marine studies: Assessment of the quality of total inorganic carbon measurements made during the US Indian Ocean CO<sub>2</sub> survey 1994-1996'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this