Cost and environmental analyses of reinforcement alternatives for a concrete bridge

Thomas Cadenazzi, Giovanni Dotelli, Marco Rossini, Steven Nolan, Antonio Nanni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reinforced Concrete (RC) and Prestressed Concrete (PC) structures using conventional materials in aggressive exposure conditions are susceptible to corrosion. Non-corrosive reinforcement materials such as: Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) rebars; Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) strands; Stainless-Steel (SS); and Epoxy-coated steel (ECS) reinforcing bars, are attracting attention as more appropriate options in concrete structures. This paper addresses a Life Cycle Cost (LCC) analysis that verifies the cost performance of four different alternative reinforcement bars for the design of a demonstration FRP-RC/PC bridge in Florida, namely Halls River Bridge (HRB). The four different alternatives to be compared are namely Carbon Steel (CS), SS, FRP, and ECS, and the analysis is performed over 100-years. Additionally, a Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) is included in the analysis to investigate the environmental credentials of the four design alternatives. Cost sensitivity analyses over specific parameters are included. The parameters analyzed are: reinforcement cost, changes in chloride concentration levels over the bridge service life, and discount rate values. Conclusions and recommendations for standard practices and design of future alternative solutions are then presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalStructure and Infrastructure Engineering
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Concrete bridges
reinforcement
Reinforcement
steel
Prestressed concrete
Concrete construction
cost
concrete structure
Reinforced concrete
Costs
Life cycle
reinforced concrete
Stainless steel
life cycle
polymer
Steel
Polymers
Service life
discount rate
Glass fibers

Keywords

  • bridge design
  • decision-making
  • epoxy coated steel
  • FRP-RC/PC bridge
  • Halls River Bridge
  • life-cycle assessment
  • life-cycle cost
  • stainless-steel
  • sustainable construction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Cost and environmental analyses of reinforcement alternatives for a concrete bridge. / Cadenazzi, Thomas; Dotelli, Giovanni; Rossini, Marco; Nolan, Steven; Nanni, Antonio.

In: Structure and Infrastructure Engineering, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9697f7e216c74481b5f4b2810d2f50e0,
title = "Cost and environmental analyses of reinforcement alternatives for a concrete bridge",
abstract = "Reinforced Concrete (RC) and Prestressed Concrete (PC) structures using conventional materials in aggressive exposure conditions are susceptible to corrosion. Non-corrosive reinforcement materials such as: Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) rebars; Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) strands; Stainless-Steel (SS); and Epoxy-coated steel (ECS) reinforcing bars, are attracting attention as more appropriate options in concrete structures. This paper addresses a Life Cycle Cost (LCC) analysis that verifies the cost performance of four different alternative reinforcement bars for the design of a demonstration FRP-RC/PC bridge in Florida, namely Halls River Bridge (HRB). The four different alternatives to be compared are namely Carbon Steel (CS), SS, FRP, and ECS, and the analysis is performed over 100-years. Additionally, a Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) is included in the analysis to investigate the environmental credentials of the four design alternatives. Cost sensitivity analyses over specific parameters are included. The parameters analyzed are: reinforcement cost, changes in chloride concentration levels over the bridge service life, and discount rate values. Conclusions and recommendations for standard practices and design of future alternative solutions are then presented.",
keywords = "bridge design, decision-making, epoxy coated steel, FRP-RC/PC bridge, Halls River Bridge, life-cycle assessment, life-cycle cost, stainless-steel, sustainable construction",
author = "Thomas Cadenazzi and Giovanni Dotelli and Marco Rossini and Steven Nolan and Antonio Nanni",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/15732479.2019.1662066",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Structure and Infrastructure Engineering",
issn = "1573-2479",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cost and environmental analyses of reinforcement alternatives for a concrete bridge

AU - Cadenazzi, Thomas

AU - Dotelli, Giovanni

AU - Rossini, Marco

AU - Nolan, Steven

AU - Nanni, Antonio

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Reinforced Concrete (RC) and Prestressed Concrete (PC) structures using conventional materials in aggressive exposure conditions are susceptible to corrosion. Non-corrosive reinforcement materials such as: Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) rebars; Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) strands; Stainless-Steel (SS); and Epoxy-coated steel (ECS) reinforcing bars, are attracting attention as more appropriate options in concrete structures. This paper addresses a Life Cycle Cost (LCC) analysis that verifies the cost performance of four different alternative reinforcement bars for the design of a demonstration FRP-RC/PC bridge in Florida, namely Halls River Bridge (HRB). The four different alternatives to be compared are namely Carbon Steel (CS), SS, FRP, and ECS, and the analysis is performed over 100-years. Additionally, a Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) is included in the analysis to investigate the environmental credentials of the four design alternatives. Cost sensitivity analyses over specific parameters are included. The parameters analyzed are: reinforcement cost, changes in chloride concentration levels over the bridge service life, and discount rate values. Conclusions and recommendations for standard practices and design of future alternative solutions are then presented.

AB - Reinforced Concrete (RC) and Prestressed Concrete (PC) structures using conventional materials in aggressive exposure conditions are susceptible to corrosion. Non-corrosive reinforcement materials such as: Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) rebars; Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) strands; Stainless-Steel (SS); and Epoxy-coated steel (ECS) reinforcing bars, are attracting attention as more appropriate options in concrete structures. This paper addresses a Life Cycle Cost (LCC) analysis that verifies the cost performance of four different alternative reinforcement bars for the design of a demonstration FRP-RC/PC bridge in Florida, namely Halls River Bridge (HRB). The four different alternatives to be compared are namely Carbon Steel (CS), SS, FRP, and ECS, and the analysis is performed over 100-years. Additionally, a Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) is included in the analysis to investigate the environmental credentials of the four design alternatives. Cost sensitivity analyses over specific parameters are included. The parameters analyzed are: reinforcement cost, changes in chloride concentration levels over the bridge service life, and discount rate values. Conclusions and recommendations for standard practices and design of future alternative solutions are then presented.

KW - bridge design

KW - decision-making

KW - epoxy coated steel

KW - FRP-RC/PC bridge

KW - Halls River Bridge

KW - life-cycle assessment

KW - life-cycle cost

KW - stainless-steel

KW - sustainable construction

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85073673186&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85073673186&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/15732479.2019.1662066

DO - 10.1080/15732479.2019.1662066

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85073673186

JO - Structure and Infrastructure Engineering

JF - Structure and Infrastructure Engineering

SN - 1573-2479

ER -