Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a pathology often found in patients with end-stage lung disease. Although in the past CAD might have been considered an absolute contraindication, modern revascularization techniques have helped increase the number of transplants performed in this population. However, discrepancies in the guidelines for perioperative evaluation and risk mitigation strategies for the ischemic cardiac burden are present in the current literature. This is a review of the available data regarding perioperative evaluation, revascularization tactics, postoperative management, and survival rate that patients with different grades of coronary artery disease present after lung transplantation.
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