Coping with separation stress by infants and young children

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


During World War II many infants and young children were temporarily or permanently separated from their parents. Infants who were orphaned and later hospitalized were described as undergoing “hospitalism” or anaclitic depression (Spitz, 1946). Children placed in residential nurseries or hospital wards commonly showed a predictable sequence of behaviors during these separations (Bowlby, 1969; Robertson & Robertson, 1971). Bowlby labeled these phases protest, despair, and detachment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationStress and Coping
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9781134927500
ISBN (Print)0898595649
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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