Coping and distress among women under treatment for early stage breast cancer: Comparing African Americans, Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites

Jenifer L. Culver, Patricia L. Arena, Michael H. Antoni, Charles S. Carver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

175 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined coping and distress in African American (n = 8), Hispanic (n = 53), and non-Hispanic White (n = 70) women with early stage breast cancer. The participants were studied prospectively across a year beginning at the time of surgery. African American women reported the lowest levels of distress (particularly before surgery) and depression symptoms. Hispanic women reported the highest levels of self-distraction as a coping response, non-Hispanic Whites reported the highest use of humor. Hispanics reported the highest levels of venting, African Americans reported the lowest levels. African American and Hispanic women reported more religous coping the non-Hispanic Whites. The data also provided evidence of a maladaptive spiral of distress and avoidant coping over time. Although some ethnic differences were identified, findings also point to a great many similarities across groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)495-504
Number of pages10
JournalPsycho-Oncology
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Oncology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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